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DOS ESCEPTICISMOS Y DESAFIO ESCEPTICO EN "THE ADVANCEMENT OF SCIENCE", DE PHILIP KITCHER / Two Skepticism and Skeptic Challenge in Philip Kitcher's "The Advancement of Science"

Daniel ATTALA POCHON
Theoria: An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science
SEGUNDA EPOCA, Vol. 12, No. 2(29) (Mayo 1997), pp. 317-335
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23918080
Page Count: 19
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
DOS ESCEPTICISMOS Y DESAFIO ESCEPTICO EN "THE ADVANCEMENT OF SCIENCE", DE PHILIP KITCHER / Two Skepticism and Skeptic Challenge in Philip Kitcher's "The Advancement of Science"
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Abstract

En este artículo me propongo analizar el punto de partida epistemológico de un reciente libro de Philip Kitcher (The Advancement of Science) a través de su discusión con las concepciónes 'escépticas'. Podemos distinguir entre dos tipos de escepticismo en la trama del libro de Kitcher: uno débil y otro radical. Intentamos difinir el tipo de realismo que Kitcher defiende, para finalmente mostrar que tal tipo de realismo es posible para Kitcher en la medida que no toma en cuenta el escepticismo en su versión radical. En efecto, Kitcher sólo se enfrenta al escepticismo débil. Y es precisamente debido a esta restricción que es capaz de mantenerse al margen de una alternativa que sigue siendo crucial: realismo fuerte o realismo "de espíritu kantiano". The purpose of this article is to carry aut an analysis of the epistemologic standpoint on a recent book by Philip Kitcher (The Advancement of Science) by discussing the sceptic ideas which are dealt with there. We can discriminate between two kinds of scepticism appearin on Kitcher's book: a weak and a radical one. Then we work towards a definition of the kind of realism held by this author and, finally, we try to show that such a viewpoint as Kitcher's is possible to hold provided that we do not take the radical scepticism into account for that question. Kitcher only objects by means of the weak scepticism. And it is precisely because of that restriction that he is capable of not giving a definition of a crucial alternative: strong realism or realism in "Kantian spirit".

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