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Organizational Effectiveness and the Institutional Environment
Paul M. Hirsch
Administrative Science Quarterly
Vol. 20, No. 3 (Sep., 1975), pp. 327-344
Published by: Sage Publications, Inc. on behalf of the Johnson Graduate School of Management, Cornell University
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2391994
Page Count: 18
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Pharmaceutical industry, Recording industry, Manufacturing industries, Patents, Audio recordings, Industrial products, Industry, Brands, Pharmaceutical manufacturers, Publishing industry
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Despite similarities in technology and other aspects of their operation, the typical pharmaceutical manufacturing firm is far more profitable than the typical phonograph record company. These industries are compared in terms of their institutional environments, primarily from 1950 to 1965. Strong differences in organizational effectiveness, regarding their ability to control three aspects of the environment--pricing and distribution, patent and copyright law, and external opinion-leaders--are suggested to help account for the differential performance of these industries. The utility of comparing whole industries as units of analysis in organizational research is also discussed.
Administrative Science Quarterly © 1975 Johnson Graduate School of Management, Cornell University