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Journal Article

An Analysis of Clique Formation and Structure in Organizations

Noel Tichy
Administrative Science Quarterly
Vol. 18, No. 2 (Jun., 1973), pp. 194-208
DOI: 10.2307/2392063
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2392063
Page Count: 15
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An Analysis of Clique Formation and Structure in Organizations
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Abstract

The organizational literature has long acknowledged the effects of various formal organizational variables on informal structure. Nevertheless, very few systematic and empirically testable propositions have been formulated specifying relationships in this area. In this article a number of testable propositions are developed which relate the variables of compliance, mobility and size to motivation for clique formation and to constraints within which cliques form. A typology of five clique types (1) coercive cliques, (2) normative cliques, (3) high-mobility utilitarian cliques, (4) seniority utilitarian cliques, and (5) no-mobility utilitarian cliques, is discussed.

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