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Organizational Survey Nonresponse

Donald Tomaskovic-Devey, Jeffrey Leiter and Shealy Thompson
Administrative Science Quarterly
Vol. 39, No. 3 (Sep., 1994), pp. 439-457
DOI: 10.2307/2393298
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2393298
Page Count: 19
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Organizational Survey Nonresponse
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Abstract

This paper advances a theoretical model that explains organizations' nonresponse to surveys as a predictable aspect of organizational behavior and structure. We argue that survey researchers must take into account the authority, capacity, and motive to respond of both the organizations sampled and the designated respondent within the organization. Our analysis identifies a series of organizational sources of nonresponse that have clear consequences for final sample bias. These include resource independence from the environment, subsidiary status, information dispersal in large establishments, and lack of staff dedicated to information processing. We provide suggestions for future organizational survey design and for analysis strategies to cope with sample selection bias.

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