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Journal Article

Differential Recruitment and Control: The Sex Structuring of Organizations

Joan Acker and Donald R. Van Houten
Administrative Science Quarterly
Vol. 19, No. 2 (Jun., 1974), pp. 152-163
DOI: 10.2307/2393886
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2393886
Page Count: 12
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Differential Recruitment and Control: The Sex Structuring of Organizations
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Abstract

Organizational theory and research has neglected analyses of sex differences in organizational behavior. When sex differences have been noted, they have been explained in terms of differences in biology, socialization, attitudes, and role commitment. On the basis of a reexamination of the Hawthorne studies and Crozier's work on two French bureaucracies, this paper suggests that sex differences may also be due to more structural factors such as differential recruitment and sex-linked control mechanisms. On that basis, the paper suggests a reinterpretation of the findings from those studies. The sex structuring of organizations needs to be taken into account along with organizational factors to arrive at fuller explanations of organizational phenomena.

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