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Der lange Schatten des Staatswillenspositivismus: Parlamentarismus zwischen Untertanenrepräsentation und Volkssouveränität

Hauke Brunkhorst
Leviathan
Vol. 31, No. 3 (September 2003), pp. 362-381
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23983659
Page Count: 20
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Der lange Schatten des Staatswillenspositivismus: Parlamentarismus zwischen Untertanenrepräsentation und Volkssouveränität
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Abstract

The German Sonderweg in constitutional matters was the repression of popular sovereignty. The Staatswillenspositivismus (“statuary positivism”) of the German constitutional theory from Laband to Jellinek never developed any idea of a parliamentarism that rules all state power. The Weimar discussion and mentality was deeply shadowed by the old priority of the will of the state over the will of the people. Even the legal positivism that now made the case for the new democratic constitution, was deeply influenced by elitist ideas of parliamentarism and distrust against the people. Only Hans Kelsen and some leftist disciples of Carl Schmitt consequently took the radically democratic track of input-legitimation. But this position, that once was the basic idea of French and American constitutionalism in the 18th Century, was in Weimar a hopeless minority, and it seems to become marginal again in the times of postnational legal regimes which are fixed to output-legitimation only.

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