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A soybean seed protein with carboxylate-binding activity
Sangeeta Dhaubhadel, Kuflom Kuflu, Maria Carmen Romero and Mark Gijzen
Journal of Experimental Botany
Vol. 56, No. 419 (September 2005), pp. 2335-2344
Published by: Oxford University Press
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/24035725
Page Count: 10
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The seed coat serves as a multifunctional organ with a role in protection and for the supply of nutrients to the embryo sac during development. The composition of the legume seed coat differs from other seed tissues in many ways including its protein composition. An abundant 24 kDa protein (SC24) has been purified and identified from soybean (Glycine max [L.] Merr) seed hulls. The corresponding cDNA and genomic DNA clones for SC24 were isolated and characterized, and expression patterns were determined. The deduced protein sequence of 219 amino acids included an N-terminal signal peptide. Transcripts encoding SC24 were present in the seed coat from 30 days after pollination (DAP) until maturity, but the protein was not detected until the final stages of seed maturation. In mature seeds, most of the SC24 protein was localized to the parenchyma and aleurone layers of the seed coat. The expression of SC24 was also induced in vegetative tissues by pathogen infection and by wounding. The SC24 protein bound to an affinity column containing an isophthalic acid ligand, and was eluted with 7 mM citrate. Polyclonal antibodies raised against recombinant SC24 cross-reacted with the seed coat peroxidase enzyme, suggesting that these two proteins may share an antigenic determinant. Overall, the results indicate that SC24 belongs to a novel class of plant defence proteins with carboxylate-binding activity.
Journal of Experimental Botany © 2005 Oxford University Press