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The quest for florigen: a review of recent progress
Laurent Corbesier and George Coupland
Journal of Experimental Botany
Vol. 57, No. 13, Special Issue: Major Themes in Flowering Research (2006), pp. 3395-3403
Published by: Oxford University Press
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/24036027
Page Count: 9
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Flowering, Plants, Leaves, Signals, Messenger RNA, Gene expression regulation, Plant cells, Phloem, Genes, Vernalization
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The photoperiodic induction of flowering is a systemic process requiring translocation of a floral stimulus from the leaves to the shoot apical meristem. In response to this stimulus, the apical meristem stops producing leaves to initiate floral development; this switch in morphogenesis involves a change in the identity of the primordia initiated and in phyllotaxis. The physiological study of the floral transition has led to the identification of several putative floral signals such as sucrose, cytokinins, gibberellins, and reduced N-compounds that are translocated in the phloem sap from leaves to the shoot apical meristem. On the other hand, the genetic approach developed more recently in Arabidopsis thaliana allowed the discovery of many genes that control flowering time. These genes function in 'cascades' within four promotive pathways, the 'photoperiodic', 'autonomous', 'vernalization', and 'gibberellin' pathways, which all converge on the 'integrator' genes SUPPRESSOR OF OVEREXPRESSION OF CO 1 (SOC1) and FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT). Recently, several studies have highlighted a role for a product of FT as a component of the floral stimulus or 'florigen'. These recent advances and the proposed mode of action of FT are discussed here.
Journal of Experimental Botany © 2006 Oxford University Press