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Redox states of glutathione and ascorbate in root tips of poplar (Populus tremula×P. alba) depend on phloem transport from the shoot to the roots
Cornelia Herschbach, Ursula Scheerer and Heinz Rennenberg
Journal of Experimental Botany
Vol. 61, No. 4 (2010), pp. 1065-1074
Published by: Oxford University Press
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/24038662
Page Count: 10
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Glutathione (GSH) and ascorbate (ASC) are important antioxidants that are involved in stress defence and cell proliferation of meristematic root cells. In principle, synthesis of ASC and GSH in the roots as well as ASC and GSH transport from the shoot to the roots by phloem mass flow is possible. However, it is not yet known whether the ASC and/or the GSH level in roots depends on the supply from the shoot. This was analysed by feeding mature leaves with [ 14 C]ASC or [ 35 S]GSH and subsequent detection of the radiolabel in different root fractions. Quantitative dependency of root ASC and GSH on shoot-derived ASC and GSH was investigated with poplar (Populus tremula×P. alba) trees interrupted in phloem transport. [ 35 S]GSH is transported from mature leaves to the root tips, but is withdrawn from the phloem along the entire transport path. When phloem transport was interrupted, the GSH content in root tips halved within 3 d. [ 14 C]ASC is also transported from mature leaves to the root tips but, in contrast to GSH, ASC is not removed from the phloem along the transport path. Accordingly, ASC accumulates in root tips. Interruption of phloem transport disturbed the level and the ASC redox state within the entire root system. Diminished total ASC levels were attributed mainly to a decline of dehydroascorbate (DHA). As the redox state of ASC is of particular significance for root growth and development, it is concluded that phloem transport of ASC may constitute a shoot to root signal to coordinate growth and development at the whole plant level.
Journal of Experimental Botany © 2010 Oxford University Press