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Simulation of Nitrogen Mineralization in the Below-Ground Food Webs of Two Winter Wheat Fields
P. C. De Ruiter, J. C. Moore, K. B. Zwart, L. A. Bouwman, J. Hassink, J. Bloem, J. A. De Vos, J. C. Y. Marinissen, W. A. M. Didden, G. Lebrink and L. Brussaard
Journal of Applied Ecology
Vol. 30, No. 1 (1993), pp. 95-106
Published by: British Ecological Society
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2404274
Page Count: 12
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Nitrogen, Soil ecology, Roundworms, Food webs, Forest soils, Microorganisms, Soil microorganisms, Agricultural management, Simulations, Agrology
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1. Food webs in conventional (high-input) and integrated (reduced-input) farming systems were simulated to estimate the contribution of soil microbes and soil fauna to nitrogen mineralization during the growing season. 2. Microbes accounted for approximately 95% of the biomass and 70% of total nitrogen mineralization in both management practices. Among the soil fauna, amoebae and bacterivorous nematodes were the most important contributors to nitrogen mineralization. The contribution of nematodes showed more temporal and spatial variability than the contribution of amoebae. 3. The model calculated nitrogen mineralization rates close to the observed rates for both fields and depth layers. In the integrated plot there were relatively high rates of mineralization in the 0-10 cm layer compared with the 10-25 cm layer, whereas in the conventional plot no differences were observed between depth layers. 4. The impact of the functional groups on nitrogen mineralization was evaluated by calculating the effect of group deletion on total nitrogen mineralization. According to the present model, this impact on nitrogen mineralization could exceed the simulated direct contribution to nitrogen mineralization.
Journal of Applied Ecology © 1993 British Ecological Society