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Habitat Management in Calcareous Grasslands: Effects on the Insect Community Developing in Flower Heads of Cynarea
W. Volkl, H. Zwolfer, M. Romstock-Volkl and C. Schmelzer
Journal of Applied Ecology
Vol. 30, No. 2 (1993), pp. 307-315
Published by: British Ecological Society
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2404632
Page Count: 9
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Grassland management, Species, Chalk grasslands, Flowers, Wildlife management, Phytophagous insects, Mowing, Applied ecology, Plants, Insect larvae
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1. The phytophagous insect communities dwelling in the flower heads of Cirsium acaule and Centaurea scabiosa were studied in mown, sheep-grazed and abandoned calcareous grasslands. 2. Phytophagous species developing in the stemless C. acaule were not affected directly by mowing or grazing, but by changes in microclimate due to habitat management. The community in C. scabiosa was affected both directly by the removal of flower heads and indirectly by changes in microclimate. 3. The responses of the particular insect species to management were not uniform and depended mainly on life-style and habitat preferences. 4. Mowing reduced species packing and mean densities for a number of univoltine species on C. scabiosa compared with abandoned or sheep-grazed sites. Bivoltine species were only slightly affected. Most species were most abundant in abandoned sites, but two species had their focus in mown and sheep-grazed sites. 5. In C. acaule, no differences in species packing were found between managed and unmanaged sites. The densities of the most common species were affected inversely, with the fly Tephritis conura being more abundant in abandoned sites and two weevil species (Larinus spp.) more abundant in managed areas.
Journal of Applied Ecology © 1993 British Ecological Society