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Hybrid Swarms Between Wild and Cultivated Rice Species, Oryza perennis and O. sativa
Hiko-Ichi Oka and Wen-Tsai Chang
Vol. 15, No. 4 (Dec., 1961), pp. 418-430
Published by: Society for the Study of Evolution
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2406310
Page Count: 13
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Plants, Rice, Hybridity, Wild rice, Cultivated plants, Population dynamics, Population growth, Wild plants, Habitats, Genetics
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Several wild rice populations supposedly of hybrid origin between wild and cultivated forms have been analyzed. First, Patna population, found in the suburb of Cuttack, Orissa, India, though it appeared to be a mixture of wild and cultivated plants growing in a paddy field, was shown to be a hybrid swarm. A part of the plants, having many wild characters and a few cultivated ones, were found to be highly heterozygous for genes of cultivated rice. Secondly, Sampatoon population, found in a stream running through a paddy farm of glutinous rice in the suburb of Chiengmai, Thailand, was observed. It consisted of plants of intermediate perennis-spontanea type, and contained many heterozygotes for the glutinous gene. The offspring of the heterozygotes tended in various characters to be intermediate between the wild and the cultivated type. It was also found that though in northern and northeastern parts of Thailand glutinous rice is grown in almost all paddy farms, the majority of wild populations growing in proximity of glutinous rice fields had a low frequency of the glutinous gene, so that hybrid swarms might be regarded to be rather rare. Thirdly, three small populations found in Tao-Yuan Prefecture, Formosa, which were phenotypically of perennis type, were observed. They were found to be highly heterozygous for genes of cultivated rice. Thus, it is pointed out in general that a hybrid swarm could preserve a great amount of genetic variability, which might cover the whole range of variation from the wild to the cultivated type. Based on the results of these observations, emphasis is laid on the significance of hybridization in the evolution of cultivated rice.
Evolution © 1961 Society for the Study of Evolution