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Analysis of Simple Cave Communities I. Caves as Islands
David C. Culver
Vol. 24, No. 2 (Jun., 1970), pp. 463-474
Published by: Society for the Study of Evolution
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2406819
Page Count: 12
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The occurrences of Gammarus minus, Stygonectes spinatus, Stygonectes emar ginatus, and Asellus holsingeri in 28 caves in the Greenbrier Valley of West Virginia were recorded. Those caves that are susceptible to spring flooding tend to have fewer species than those that are more isolated from the epigean environment. Spring flooding reflects a rigorous, unstable environment, but a predictable one. Stochastic processes are important in controlling the number of species present in caves, but caves are more than collecting basins for animals that get washed in via subsurface water. Spring flooding reduces the amount of interaction and my data are consistent with Simberloff's (1969) non-interactive equilibrium model of island biogeography, but species interactions may also play a role. The caves studied differ from islands primarily in their lack of area effect and in the nature of the food input. The various explanations of diversity are discussed. Interactions with biological, energetic, and physical aspects of the environment take place against a background of time and stochastic processes.
Evolution © 1970 Society for the Study of Evolution