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Quantitative Genetics of Morphological Differentiation in Peromyscus. I. Tests of the Homogeneity of Genetic Covariance Structure Among Species and Subspecies

David Lofsvold
Evolution
Vol. 40, No. 3 (May, 1986), pp. 559-573
DOI: 10.2307/2408577
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2408577
Page Count: 15
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Quantitative Genetics of Morphological Differentiation in Peromyscus. I. Tests of the Homogeneity of Genetic Covariance Structure Among Species and Subspecies
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Abstract

Phenotypic and additive genetic covariance matrices were estimated for 15 morphometric characters in three species and subspecies of Peromyscus. Univariate and multivariate ANOVAs indicate these groups are highly diverged in all characters, P. leucopus having the largest body size, P. maniculatus bairdii the smallest, and P. maniculatus nebrascensis being intermediate. Comparing the structure of P and G within each taxon revealed significant similarities in all three cases. This proportionality was strong enough to justify using P in the place of G to analyze evolutionary processes using quantitative genetic models when G can not be estimated, as in fossil material. However, the similarity between genetic and phenotypic covariance structures is sufficiently low that estimates of the genetic parameters should be used when possible. The additive genetic covariance matrices were compared to examine the assumption that they remain constant during evolution, an assumption which underlies many applications of quantitative-genetic models. While matrix permutation tests indicated statistically significant proportionality between the genetic covariance structures of the two P. maniculatus subspecies, there is no evidence of significant genetic structural similarity between species. This result suggests that the assumption of constant genetic covariance structure may be valid only within species. (It does not, however, necessarily imply a causal relationship between speciation and heterogeneity of genetic covariance structures.) The low matrix correlation for the two P. maniculatus subspecies' genetic covariance matrices indicates G may not be functionally constant, even within species. The lack of similarity observed here may be due partly to sampling variation.

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