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Allozyme and Morphological Differentiation of Mountain Pine Beetles Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins (Coleoptera: scolytidae) Associated with Host Tree

Kareen B. Sturgeon and Jeffry B. Mitton
Evolution
Vol. 40, No. 2 (Mar., 1986), pp. 290-302
DOI: 10.2307/2408809
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2408809
Page Count: 13
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Allozyme and Morphological Differentiation of Mountain Pine Beetles Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins (Coleoptera: scolytidae) Associated with Host Tree
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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine whether mountain pine beetles utilizing different host species were differentiated for either morphological or protein variation. Genetic differentiation among host species has been reported for the southern pine beetle, the Douglas-fir beetle, the jeffrey pine beetle, and the mountain pine beetle. However, in these studies, the host trees were sampled at separate sites, and hence geographic variation and variation due to host tree were confounded. The mountain pine beetle occasionally utilizes three host trees (ponderosa pine, lodgepole pine, and limber pine) at single sites in Colorado. Five polymorphic enzyme loci and six morphological characters were used to describe beetles resident in different hosts. Differentiation within a site among host trees was detected at two of five polymorphic proteins, and for both size and morphological shape. The magnitude of genetic differentiation among hosts within a site was approximately equivalent to the magnitude of differentiation among sites. These data suggest that the species of host tree may be an important biotic factor associated with the genetic structure of bark beetle communities. The results are discussed in terms of their potential role in the process of speciation by host race formation.

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