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Diploid-Triploid Mosaics Among Unisexual Hybrids of the Minnows Phoxinus eos and Phoxinus neogaeus
Robert M. Dawley and Kathryn A. Goddard
Vol. 42, No. 4 (Jul., 1988), pp. 649-659
Published by: Society for the Study of Evolution
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2408857
Page Count: 11
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Diploid-triploid mosaics are rarely found in vertebrates, and until now they were known to be common in only two vertebrate species complexes. Here we report that diploid-triploid mosaics are widespread among unisexual hybrids of the minnows Phoxinus eos and Phoxinus neogaeus, a complex already known to contain diploid and triploid forms. Using chromosome counts and flow cytometry, we show that the mosaics occur throughout the known range of the unisexuals and are abundant in many of these natural populations. The mosaics are highly heterogeneous, showing individual variation in the ratio of diploid to triploid cells, and as a group they appear to form a continuum between the pure diploid and triploid forms. Tissue-graft analysis shows that the third genome present in the triploid cells of a mosaic is expressed, because grafts made from the mosaics show an incidence of rejection intermediate between that of the diploid (clonal) and triploid (nonclonal) biotypes.
Evolution © 1988 Society for the Study of Evolution