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A Test of the Spontaneous Heterosis Hypothesis for Unisexual Vertebrates
Jeffrey D. Wetherington, Karen E. Kotora and Robert C. Vrijenhoek
Vol. 41, No. 4 (Jul., 1987), pp. 721-731
Published by: Society for the Study of Evolution
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2408883
Page Count: 11
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The coupling between clonal modes of reproduction and hybridization in unisexual vertebrates has led to the hypothesis that heterosis accounts for their ecological success (the "spontaneous heterosis" hypothesis). High levels of genic heterozygosity characteristic of unisexualhybrid vertebrates are believed to result in enhanced growth, survivorship, and fertility relative to their sexual ancestors. To test this hypothesis, we synthesized 33 new unisexual-hybrid strains of fishes in the genus Poeciliopsis (Atheriniformes: Poeciliidae). On average, the synthetic unisexuals had lower survivorship and a higher incidence of birth defects than either of the sexual ancestors or two natural strains of unisexuals. However, a subset of these synthetic unisexuals exhibited characteristics within the range of the sexual ancestors and natural unisexual strains. These results support the alternative hypothesis that the ecological success of natural unisexuals results from selection of the most fit clones from a broad spectrum of genotypes that arose via multiple hybrid events. We propose that the coupling between unisexuality and hybridization in the vertebrates exists because hybridization is a dysgenic process that can disrupt normal gametogenesis and thus lead to clonal reproduction.
Evolution © 1987 Society for the Study of Evolution