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Physiological and Behavioral Adaptation to Varying Environments: A Mathematical Model

Carlos Castillo-Chavez, Simon A. Levin and Fred Gould
Evolution
Vol. 42, No. 5 (Sep., 1988), pp. 986-994
DOI: 10.2307/2408914
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2408914
Page Count: 9
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Physiological and Behavioral Adaptation to Varying Environments: A Mathematical Model
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Abstract

We develop a mathematical model to explore the evolution of habitat selection and physiological adaptation in a heterogeneous environment. The model assumes the following conditions: 1) a panmictic population of infinite size; 2) prereproductive individuals mobile enough to move between patches; 3) alleles at one locus code for absence or presence of adaptation to detrimental patches; 4) alleles at a second locus code for absence or presence of behavior(s) that cause avoidance of the detrimental patches; 5) additive effects of alleles controlling physiology and behavior; 6) frequency-independent fitness. Results of the model indicate that nontrivial, polymorphic equilibria do not exist. The pattern of genotypic fitnesses and the initial allelic frequencies can influence whether the population adapts by physiological or behavioral mechanisms, or by both. Linkage between the two loci can alter the outcome of evolution, given specified genotypic fitness values and initial allelic frequencies.

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