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Extinction and Recolonization: Their Effects on the Genetic Differentiation of Local Populations

Michael J. Wade and David E. McCauley
Evolution
Vol. 42, No. 5 (Sep., 1988), pp. 995-1005
DOI: 10.2307/2408915
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2408915
Page Count: 11
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Extinction and Recolonization: Their Effects on the Genetic Differentiation of Local Populations
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Abstract

In this paper, we use a model by Slatkin (1977) to investigate the genetic effects of extinction and recolonization for a species whose population structure consists of an array of local demes with some migration among them. In particular, we consider the conditions under which extinction and recolonization might enhance or diminish gene flow and increase or decrease the rate of genetic differentiation relative to the static case with no extinctions. We explicitly take into account the age-structure that is established within the array of populations by the extinction and colonization process. We also consider two different models of the colonization process, the socalled "migrant pool" and "propagule pool" models. Our theoretical studies indicate that the genetic effects of extinction and colonization depend upon the relative magnitudes of K, the number of individuals founding new colonies, and 2Nm, twice the number of migrants moving into extant populations. We find that these genetic effects are surprisingly insensitive to the extinction rate. We conclude that, in order to assess the genetic effects of the population dynamics, we must first answer an important empirical question that is essentially ecological: is colonization a behavior distinct from migration?

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