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The Evolution of Form and Function: Morphology and Locomotor Performance in West Indian Anolis Lizards
Jonathan B. Losos
Vol. 44, No. 5 (Aug., 1990), pp. 1189-1203
Published by: Society for the Study of Evolution
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2409282
Page Count: 15
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Evolution, Lizards, Species, Forelimbs, Sprinting, Jumping, Ecological genetics, Biological taxonomies, Body size, Taxa
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I tested biomechanical predictions that morphological proportions (snout-vent length, forelimb length, hindlimb length, tail length, and mass) and maximal sprinting and jumping ability have evolved concordantly among 15 species of Anolis lizards from Jamaica and Puerto Rico. Based on a phylogenetic hypothesis for these species, the ancestor reconstruction and contrast approaches were used to test hypotheses that variables coevolved. Evolutionary change in all morphological and performance variables scales positively with evolution of body size (represented by snout-vent length); size evolution accounts for greater than 50% of the variance in sprinting and jumping evolution. With the effect of the evolution of body size removed, increases in hindlimb length are associated with increases in sprinting and jumping capability. When further variables are removed, evolution in forelimb and tail length exhibits a negative relationship with evolution of both performance measures. The success of the biomechanical predictions indicates that the assumption that evolution in other variables (e.g., muscle mass and composition) did not affect performance evolution is probably correct; evolution of the morphological variables accounts for approximately 80% of the evolutionary change in performance ability. In this case, however, such assumptions are clade-specific; extrapolation to taxa outside the clade is thus unwarranted. The results have implications concerning ecomorphological evolution. The observed relationship between forelimb and tail length and ecology probably is a spurious result of the correlation between these variables and hindlimb length. Further, because the evolution of jumping and sprinting ability are closely linked, the ability to adapt to certain microhabitats may be limited.
Evolution © 1990 Society for the Study of Evolution