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Suppression of the First Stage of Phorbol 12-tetradecanoate 13-acetate-effected Tumor Promotion in Mouse Skin by Nontoxic Inhibition of DNA Synthesis
Volker Kinzel, Heinz Loehrke, Klaus Goerttler, Gerhard Furstenberger and Friedrich Marks
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 81, No. 18, [Part 1: Biological Sciences] (Sep. 15, 1984), pp. 5858-5862
Published by: National Academy of Sciences
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/24093
Page Count: 5
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In order to evaluate the significance of epidermal cell proliferation for the first stage of skin tumor promotion, the effect of hydroxyurea (HU), an inhibitor of DNA synthesis, on tumor formation was studied. Mice initiated with 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene received a single dose of phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) in stage I of promotion, followed by twice weekly application of the irritant skin mitogen phorbol 12-retinoate 13-acetate in stage II. A single dose of HU given intraperitoneally at different times before or after treatment with PMA was found to interfere with tumor formation, exhibiting an almost complete inhibition if administered 18 hr after PMA--i.e., at the time of maximal DNA synthesis. The inhibition of tumor formation by HU in the two-stage promotion experiment did not prevent a subsequent promotion of cells by repetitive PMA treatment. This indicates that the inhibitory effect of HU was due neither to cytotoxicity (killing of initiated cells) nor to an interference with initiation. The data indicate that epidermal DNA synthesis is obligatory for PMA-induced first-stage promotion. The causal relationship between both events remains to be established.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America © 1984 National Academy of Sciences