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Chaoborus Predation and Life-History Evolution in Daphnia pulex: Temporal Pattern of Population Diversity, Fitness, and Mean Life History
Vol. 45, No. 1 (Feb., 1991), pp. 82-92
Published by: Society for the Study of Evolution
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2409484
Page Count: 11
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The effect of predation by the aquatic dipteran larva Chaoborus americanus on genetic diversity and life-history evolution in the cladoceran Daphnia pulex was investigated in large replicate laboratory populations. Instantaneous daily loss rates of clonal diversity and genetic variance for fitness indicate that 93-99% of initial genetic diversity can be removed from populations during the 8-12 generations of clonal reproduction that occur each year in natural populations. In the absence of predation, the principal evolved changes in mean population life history were smaller immature body size and increased and earlier fecundity. In the presence of size-selective Chaoborus predation, populations evolved toward larger body size and increased and earlier reproduction. The difference between these two trajectories is an estimate of the direct additive effect of Chaoborus predation. This effect was manifested as evolution toward larger body size with a trend toward earlier and increased reproduction.
Evolution © 1991 Society for the Study of Evolution