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The Genetic Structure of the Hybrid Zone between the Fire-Bellied Toads Bombina bombina and B. variegata: Comparisons between Transects and between Loci

Jacek M. Szymura and Nicholas H. Barton
Evolution
Vol. 45, No. 2 (Mar., 1991), pp. 237-261
DOI: 10.2307/2409660
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2409660
Page Count: 25
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
The Genetic Structure of the Hybrid Zone between the Fire-Bellied Toads Bombina bombina and B. variegata: Comparisons between Transects and between Loci
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Abstract

We compare the pattern of morphological and electrophoretic variation in the hybrid zone between Bombina bombina and B. variegata across two transects: one near Cracow and one 200 km away, near Przemysl in southeastern Poland. Morphological variation across the Przemysl transect had been surveyed more than 50 years ago; though we found a significant shift at one site, there is no evidence for gross movement over this period. Morphological and electrophoretic changes coincide, and the average shape of the clines is the same across both transects. At the center, most of the change in frequency of six diagnostic allozymes occurs within w = 6.05 km (2-unit support limits 5.56-6.54 km). These steep gradients are generated not by selection on the allozymes themselves, but by associations with other loci: though these markers are unlinked, they are in strong linkage disequilibrium with each other [R = D/$\sqrt{pquv}$ = 0.22 (0.15-0.29) at the center]. Disequilibria are broken up as alleles diffuse away from the zone and flow into the new genetic background. The net barrier to the flow of genes from bombina into variegata, which is generated by these disequilibria, is B = 51 (22-81) km. The fitness of hybrids must be substantially reduced to produce such a barrier [W̄H/W̄P = 0.58 (0.54-0.68)], and this selection must be spread over many loci [N = 55 (26-88)]. Alleles introgress significantly less far than would be expected from the age of the zone and the estimated dispersal rate [σ = 0.99 (0.82-1.14) km gen.-1/2]: this implies selection of se = 0.37 (0.15-0.58)% on the enzymes themselves. There is weak but significant linkage disequilibrium well away from the center of the zone; this, together with the presence of parental and F1 genotypes, suggests some long-range migration. However, such migration is not likely to cause significant introgression.

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