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Abrupt Cline for Sex Chromosomes in a Hybrid Zone between Two Species of Mice

Priscilla K. Tucker, Richard D. Sage, John Warner, Allan C. Wilson and Eva M. Eicher
Evolution
Vol. 46, No. 4 (Aug., 1992), pp. 1146-1163
DOI: 10.2307/2409762
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2409762
Page Count: 18
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Abrupt Cline for Sex Chromosomes in a Hybrid Zone between Two Species of Mice
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Abstract

We compared the patterns of movement of sex chromosomal and autosomal loci along a 160 km transect across a zone of hybridization between M. domesticus and M. musculus in southern Germany and western Austria using seven genetic markers. These included one Y-specific DNA sequence (YBIO), two X-specific loci (DXWas68 and DXWas31), and four autosomal isozyme loci (Es-lO, Es-l, Mpc-I, and Np-1). Random effects logistic regression analysis enabled us to examine the relationship between M. domesticus allele frequency and geographic distance from the western edge of the hybrid zone and allowed statistical evaluation of differences in cline midpoint and width among loci. More limited movement was observed for all three sex chromosomal markers across the zone compared with three of the four autosomal markers. If differential movement reflects fitness differences of specific alleles (or alleles at closely linked loci) on a hybrid background, then alleles that move to a limited extent across a hybrid zone may contribute to hybrid breakdown between two species. The limited flow of both X- and Y-specific alleles suggest that sex chromosomes have played an important role in Mus speciation.

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