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The Effects of Population Size and Plant Density on Outcrossing Rates in Locally Endangered Salvia pratensis

R. Van Treuren, R. Bijlsma, N. J. Ouborg and W. Van Delden
Evolution
Vol. 47, No. 4 (Aug., 1993), pp. 1094-1104
DOI: 10.2307/2409977
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2409977
Page Count: 11
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The Effects of Population Size and Plant Density on Outcrossing Rates in Locally Endangered Salvia pratensis
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Abstract

Multilocus outcrossing rates were estimated in natural and experimental populations of Salvia pratensis, an entomophilous, gynodioecious, protandrous perennial. Male steriles were used to check the estimation procedure of outcrossing rates in hermaphrodites. Estimates of out-crossing rates in hermaphroditic plants ranged from 38.2% to 81.8% in natural populations and from 71.5% to 95.5% in experimental populations. No correlations were found between outcrossing rates and population size. However, outcrossing in hermaphrodites was promoted by high plant densities and low frequencies of male steriles. It is argued that effective management to preserve genetic variation in populations of S. pratensis should provide for the maintenance of high plant densities.

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