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Amelioration of the Deleterious Pleiotropic Effects of an Adaptive Mutation in Bacillus subtilis
Frederick M. Cohan, Elaine C. King and Piotr Zawadzki
Vol. 48, No. 1 (Feb., 1994), pp. 81-95
Published by: Society for the Study of Evolution
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2410005
Page Count: 15
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The deleterious pleiotropic effects of an adaptive mutation may be ameliorated by one of two modes of evolution: (1) by replacement, in which an adaptive mutation with harmful pleiotropic effects is replaced by one that confers an equal benefit but at less cost; or (2) by compensatory evolution, in which natural selection favors modifiers at other loci that compensate for the deleterious effects of the mutant allele. In this study, we have measured the potential of these two modes of evolution to ameliorate the deleterious pleiotropic effects of resistance to the antibiotic rifampicin in the soil bacterium Bacillus subtilis. One approach was to measure the fitness cost of a series of spontaneous rifampicin-resistance mutations from each of several strains. The potential for amelioration by the replacement mode was estimated by the variation in fitness cost among the mutants of a single strain. Another approach was to introduce a series of different rifampicin-resistance alleles into a diversity of strains, and to measure the fitness cost of rifampicin resistance for each allele-by-strain combination. The potential for amelioration by the replacement mode was estimated by the variation in fitness costs among rifampicin-resistance alleles; the potential for compensatory evolution was estimated by variation in the fitness cost of rifampicin resistance among strains. This study has shown that the cost of rifampicin resistance may be ameliorated by both the compensatory and replacement modes.
Evolution © 1994 Society for the Study of Evolution