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Directional and Stabilizing Density-Dependent Natural Selection for Pupation Height in Drosophila melanogaster
Amitabh Joshi and Laurence D. Mueller
Vol. 47, No. 1 (Feb., 1993), pp. 176-184
Published by: Society for the Study of Evolution
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2410127
Page Count: 9
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Six populations of Drosophila melanogaster have been kept at extreme population densities, three high and three low, for 175 generations. Larvae from the high density populations pupate 50%-100% higher than larvae from the low density populations. At high larval test densities there is both a directional and a stabilizing component to selection, with viabilities ranging from 0.14 to 0.992, depending on the choice of pupation site. The directional component is stronger on the populations which have evolved at low densities, while the stabilizing component is stronger on the populations which have evolved at high densities. There is no indication that the evolution of this trait, in response to density, has altered its phenotypic plasticity.
Evolution © 1993 Society for the Study of Evolution