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The Genetics of an Isolating Mechanism between Two Sibling Species of Drosophila

Jerry A. Coyne
Evolution
Vol. 47, No. 3 (Jun., 1993), pp. 778-788
DOI: 10.2307/2410183
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2410183
Page Count: 11
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The Genetics of an Isolating Mechanism between Two Sibling Species of Drosophila
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Abstract

Matings between Drosophila simulans females and males of the sibling species D. mauritiana are of abnormally short duration. These rapid matings interrupt the transfer of sperm, leading to substantial reproductive isolation in interspecific as compared to intraspecific copulations. Genetic analysis of this behavior shows that it is influenced much more by the male than the female genotype, with genes from D. simulans being dominant. In males, shortened copulation is caused by interspecific divergence at a minimum of three loci, with one gene on each of the major chromosomes. This is an underestimate of the true number of loci affecting the trait, which could be much larger. The two autosomes have the largest effect, whereas that of the X chromosome is much smaller. The genetic architecture of copulation duration and the larger effect of male than female genotype suggest that females can detect and discriminate against differences in male genitalia.

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