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An Analysis of Selectional Response in Relation to a Population Bottleneck

Edwin H. Bryant and Lisa M. Meffert
Evolution
Vol. 49, No. 4 (Aug., 1995), pp. 626-634
DOI: 10.2307/2410316
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2410316
Page Count: 9
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An Analysis of Selectional Response in Relation to a Population Bottleneck
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Abstract

Selection for increased morphometric shape (ratio of wing length to thorax width) was compared between control (nonbottlenecked) populations and bottlenecked populations founded with two male-female pairs of flies. Contrary to neutral expectation, selectional response was not reduced in bottlenecked populations, and the mean realized heritabilities and additive genetic variances were higher for the bottlenecked lines than for the nonbottlenecked lines. Additive genetic variances based on these realized heritabilities were consistent with independent estimates of genetic variances based on parent-offspring covariances. Joint scaling tests applied to the crosses between selected lines and their controls revealed significant nonadditive components of genetic variance in the ancestor, which were not detected in the crosses involving bottlenecked lines. The nonbottlenecked lines responded principally by changes in one trait or the other (wing length or thorax width) but not in both, and regardless of which trait responded, larger trait size was dominant and epistatic to smaller size. Stabilizing selection for morphometric shape in the ancestor likely molded the genetic architecture to include nonadditive genetic effects.

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