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Evolution and Development of Body Size and Cell Size in Drosophila melanogaster in Response to Temperature
Linda Partridge, Brian Barrie, Kevin Fowler and Vernon French
Vol. 48, No. 4 (Aug., 1994), pp. 1269-1276
Published by: Society for the Study of Evolution
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2410384
Page Count: 8
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We examined the evolutionary and developmental responses of body size to temperature in Drosophila melanogaster, using replicated lines of flies that had been allowed to evolve for 5 yr at 25⚬C or at 16.5⚬C. Development and evolution at the lower temperature both resulted in higher thorax length and wing area. The evolutionary effect of temperature on wing area was entirely a consequence of an increase in cell area. The developmental response was mainly attributable to an increase in cell area, with a small effect on cell number in males. Given its similarity to the evolutionary response, the increase in body size and cell size resulting from development at low temperature may be a case of adaptive phenotypic plasticity. The pattern of plasticity did not evolve in response to temperature for any of the traits. The selective advantage of the evolutionary and developmental responses to temperature is obscure and remains a major challenge for future work.
Evolution © 1994 Society for the Study of Evolution