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Journal Article

Laboratory Evolution of Life-History Traits in the Bean Weevil (Acanthoscelides obtectus): The Effects of Selection on Developmental Time in Populations with Different Previous History

N. Tucic, I. Gliksman, D. Seslija, O. Stojkovic and D. Milanovic
Evolution
Vol. 52, No. 6 (Dec., 1998), pp. 1713-1725
DOI: 10.2307/2411344
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2411344
Page Count: 13

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Topics: Fecundity, Longevity, Female animals, Phenotypic traits, Evolution, Adults, Beetles, Weevils, Drosophila, Eggs
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Laboratory Evolution of Life-History Traits in the Bean Weevil (Acanthoscelides obtectus): The Effects of Selection on Developmental Time in Populations with Different Previous History
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Abstract

In this study we examined the direct and correlated responses for fast and slow preadult development time in three laboratory populations of the bean weevil (Acanthoscelides obtectus). The first population ('base,' B) has experienced laboratory conditions for more than 10 years; the second ('young,' Y) and the third ('old,' O) populations were selected for early and late reproduction, respectively, before the onset of the present experiments. All three populations are successfully selected for both fast and slow preadult development. The realized heritabilities are very similar in all populations, suggesting a similar level of the additive genetic variance for preadult development. We studied the correlated responses on the following life-history traits: egg-to-adult viability, wet body weight, early fecundity, late fecundity, total realized female fecundity, and adult longevity. All life-history traits examined here, except for the egg-to-adult viability, are affected by selection for preadult development in at least in one of the studied populations. In all three populations, beetles selected for slow preadult development are heavier and live longer than those from the fast-selected lines. The findings with respect to adult longevity are unexpected, because the control Y and O populations, selected for short- and long-lived beetles, respectively, do not show significant differences in preadult development. Thus, our results indicate that some kind of asymmetrical correlated responses occur for preadult development and adult longevity each time that direct selection has been imposed on one or the other of these two traits. In contrast to studies with Drosophila, it appears that for insect species that are aphagous as adults, selection for preadult development entails selection for alleles that also change the adult longevity, but that age-specific selection (applied in the Y and O populations) mostly affects the alleles that have no significant influence on the preadult development. Implications of these findings on the developmental and evolutionary theories of aging are also discussed.

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