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Soil hydraulic manipulation and organic amendment for the enhancement of selenium volatilization in a soil–pickleweed system

B. Shrestha, S. Lipe, K. A. Johnson, T. Q. Zhang, W. Retzlaff and Z.-Q. Lin
Plant and Soil
Vol. 288, No. 1/2 (2006), pp. 189-196
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/24125446
Page Count: 8
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Abstract

Biological volatilization of selenium (Se) in contaminated areas represents an environmentally friendly phytoremediation approach. Implementation of phytovolatilization technology for the remediation of Se-contaminated soils or sediments is oftentimes limited by its low remediation efficiency under field conditions. This greenhouse study determined the feasibility of manipulating soil organic content and hydraulic conditions in a soil–pickleweed (Salicornia bigelovii) system for the enhancement of Se volatilization. Based on annual shoot biomass production rate under field conditions (approximately 1.5 kg m-2), the addition of pickleweed shoot tissues to the soil surface resulted in 2.2-fold more biogenic volatile Se than the control, up to 251.6 ± 140.5 μg m-2 d-1. Selenium volatilization was significantly reduced at a soil water potential of -25 kPa, but substantially increased after re-irrigation to 0 kPa. In a 42-day experiment, the rate of Se volatilization was significantly correlated with soil water potential (P < 0.0001). Findings from this study demonstrate that Se volatilization be substantially enhanced by amending soil with pickleweed residues and by creating wetting and drying cycles that can be monitored with soil water potential probes in the field.

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