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The effect of manganese supply on exudation of carboxylates by roots of lucerne (Medicago sativa)

Mark J Gherardi and Zdenko Rengel
Plant and Soil
Vol. 260, No. 1/2 (2004), pp. 271-282
Published by: Springer
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/24129026
Page Count: 12
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The effect of manganese supply on exudation of carboxylates by roots of lucerne (Medicago sativa)
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Abstract

Some low-molecular-weight carboxylates commonly found in plant root exudates have the potential to increase the availability of Mn in the rhizosphere. Release of various compounds into the rhizosphere by plant roots may also be a mechanism by which certain species and genotypes are able to tolerate conditions of low Mn availability better than others. Lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) plants of Salado, a genotype tolerant to Mn deficiency, and Sirosal, an intolerant genotype, were grown in solution culture with 0, 5 or 500 nM Mn (Mn-0, Mn-5 and Mn-500). Exudates of whole root systems were collected at 14, 24 and 36 d and analysed by HPLC. Oxalate, tartarate, L-malate, lactate, malonate, maleate, citrate and succinate were detected and quantified in exudates under all Mn treatments. Malonate, citrate and succinate accounted for the majority of carboxylates in the exudates. Exudation increased with plant age, but amounts of individual carboxylates remained constant in proportion to the total amount exuded. A significant increase in exudation of all carboxylates other than malonate and maleate resulted from omission of Mn from nutrient solutions. Salado exuded more oxalate, tartarate, L-malate, lactate, citrate and succinate than Sirosal at Mn-0, and more citrate and succinate than Sirosal at Mn-5. Genotypic differences in carboxylate exudation under Mn-0 were associated with production of roots with diameter < 100 μm. Plant Mn concentrations and growth rates suggested carboxylate exudation differences were not the sole factor responsible for differential tolerance to Mn deficiency in the lucerne genotypes.

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