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Regulation of Bacterial DNA Supercoiling: Plasmid Linking Numbers Vary with Growth Temperature
Edward Goldstein and Karl Drlica
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 81, No. 13, [Part 1: Biological Sciences] (Jul. 1, 1984), pp. 4046-4050
Published by: National Academy of Sciences
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/24134
Page Count: 5
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Plasmids, Cell growth, DNA, Electrophoresis, Gels, Topology, Molecules, Gene expression regulation, Biochemistry, Duplexes
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The level of DNA supercoiling can be altered either by breaking-rejoining reactions that change the DNA linking number or by environmental changes that alter the helical pitch of DNA. In vitro, temperature changes alter helical pitch and, thus, supercoiling. We find that plasmids isolated from bacteria grown at different temperatures exhibit differences in DNA linking numbers. The differences in plasmid linking numbers offset the effect temperature is expected to have on supercoiling. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that fine control of DNA topology in bacterial cells is brought about by changes in linking number to maintain a constant value for supercoiling.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America © 1984 National Academy of Sciences