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The Occurrence of Singularities in Cosmology

S. W. Hawking
Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A, Mathematical and Physical Sciences
Vol. 294, No. 1439 (Oct. 18, 1966), pp. 511-521
Published by: Royal Society
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2415489
Page Count: 11
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The Occurrence of Singularities in Cosmology
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Abstract

It is shown that singularities of space-time are inevitable if the Einstein equations hold, if matter has normal properties and if the universe satisfies certain reasonable global conditions. The singularities would be in the past and would, in principle, be observable. Observation to determine whether such singularities actually occurred would provide a powerful test of the Einstein equations in strong fields. The singularity would not necessarily constitute a beginning of the universe.

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