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Glass from a Late Byzantine Secondary Workshop at Ramla (South), Israel

Oren Tal, Ruth E. Jackson-Tal and Ian C. Freestone
Journal of Glass Studies
Vol. 50 (2008), pp. 81-95
Published by: Corning Museum of Glass
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/24191321
Page Count: 15
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Glass from a Late Byzantine Secondary Workshop at Ramla (South), Israel
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Abstract

This article discusses debris from a secondary glass workshop at late Byzantine Ramla (South), Israel. The debris consists of fragmentary glazed and unglazed fired mud bricks that probably formed part of the workshop's furnace, and glass refuse—raw chunks and lumps, moils, waste, and fragmentary vessels. Chemical analysis shows that the vessels and the raw glasses have similar compositional ranges and present the same evidence of unusually extensive contamination by fuel ash. It is suggested that all of the analyzed glasses— chunks, vessels, and moils—came from a single contaminated tank of glass that was employed during a relatively short period. The glass from the debris is typical of Byzantine-Islamic natron-type glass from the Levant. The debris is dated to the sixth and seventh centuries, based on pottery and glass vessels that were found at the site. The remains of late Byzantine pottery kilns found there indicate the coexistence of two fire-dependent industries.

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