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Schleichweg in die „Dritte Republik“ Politik der Vereinigung und politischer Wandel in Deutschland

Roland Czada
Politische Vierteljahresschrift
Vol. 35, No. 2 (Juni 1994), pp. 245-270
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/24197137
Page Count: 26
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Schleichweg in die „Dritte Republik“ Politik der Vereinigung und politischer Wandel in Deutschland
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Abstract

Trotz neuer Herausforderungen verharrte die Vereinigungspolitik bei hergebrachten Problemlösungen. Dafür sind nicht institutionelle oder mentale Hemmungen ursächlich, sondern die Unsicherheit der Situation, die das Festhalten am „Bewährten" als rationale Wahl ausweist. Die Anpassung des politischen Systems an eine veränderte Problemumwelt erfolgt nicht ruckartig. Sie resultiert aus einer Pülle kompromißformiger Entscheidungen auf der operativen, durch informelle Vernetzung geprägten Ebene des Vereinigungsmanagements. Dies wird in einem Phasenzyklusmodell dargestellt und akteurtheoretbch untermauert. German unification policies adhered to old concepts and principles in view of new challenges. This was not due to institutional or mental constraints. Much rather, the transfer of the whole political system from West to East Germany (along with far from satisfactory policies) may be interpreted as a rational choice in the face of uncertainty. Instead of adaptations to situational circumstances, we encounter a variety of minor reactions on the operative level, mostly in the context of issue-networks initiated by the federal and state governments and the Treuhandanstalt. The adaptation process has occurred in four phases: 1. Unification by law, formal organization, and contractual relations (6/1990-3/1991). 2. Development of powerful issue networks consisting of governments, administrations, parties, and interest groups (4/1991-6/1992). 3. Management of the unification crisis by changes of strategy and informal problemsolving at the operative level (7/1992-12/1994). 4. Return to normalcy with the establisment of permanent structures (Treuhand II) and solutions e.g. reduction of special unification budgets and inclusion of East Germany into the traditional forms of fiscal federalism (from 1/1995 onwards).

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