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Sound Communications of Black-tailed, White-tailed, and Gunnison's Prairie Dogs

George H. Waring
The American Midland Naturalist
Vol. 83, No. 1 (Jan., 1970), pp. 167-185
DOI: 10.2307/2424014
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2424014
Page Count: 19
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Sound Communications of Black-tailed, White-tailed, and Gunnison's Prairie Dogs
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Abstract

The sounds of black-tailed, white-tailed, and Gunnison's prairie dogs were studied in Colorado and Wyoming from February 1964 to June 1966. Observations, photographs, and tape recordings were made in the field and were supplemented by data collected from captive prairie dogs. The sounds of black-tailed prairie dogs were named and had the usual function as follows: (1) "repetitious barks" - alert; (2) "chuckle" - alert; (3) "chatter barks" - threat; (4) "wee-oo" - contact; (5) "snarl" - threat; (6) "growl" - threat; (7) "scream" - distress; (8) "raspy purr" - pleasure; and (9) "tooth chatter" - threat. The sounds of white-tailed prairie dogs were: (1) "repetitious barks" - alert; (2) "chuckle" - alert; (3) "laughing barks" - contact; (4) "snarl" - threat; (5) "growl" - threat; and (6) "scream" - distress. The sounds of Gunnison's prairie dogs were: (1) "repetitious barks" - alert; (2) "rapid barks" - apprehension; (3) "chuckle" - alert; (4) "raspy chatter" - contact; (5) "snarl" - threat; (6) "growl" - threat; (7) "scream" - distress; and (8) "tooth chatter" - threat.

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