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Politische Repräsentation von Frauen in den Mitgliedstaaten der Europäischen Union im Vergleich

Beate Hoecker
Zeitschrift für Parlamentsfragen
Vol. 42, No. 1 (2011), pp. 50-65
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/24240341
Page Count: 16
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Politische Repräsentation von Frauen in den Mitgliedstaaten der Europäischen Union im Vergleich
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Abstract

Even after the first decade of the 21st century, politics is still a male domain: the average representation of women in the parliaments of EU member states is as low as 24 per cent and only 27 per cent of the cabinet members are female. However, the single state data differ widely, on the one hand confirming the leading role of the Nordic states and on the other hand it shows the deficits of the new EU member states concerning female political representation. The varying degree of representation can be explained by the specific constellations of institutional, cultural and socio-economic factors. Generally speaking representation of women in legislatures is fostered by the early establishment of women's suffrage, an egalitarian political culture, proportional representation and a high female activity rate while, on the contrary, the late establishment of women's suffrage, prevailing traditional gender roles and mixed member proportional representation proves to be typical for states with a low degree of women's political representation.

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