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Journal Article

A Field Bioassay of Beaver Castoreum and Some of Its Components

Gerald E. Svendsen and William D. Huntsman
The American Midland Naturalist
Vol. 120, No. 1 (Jul., 1988), pp. 144-149
DOI: 10.2307/2425894
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2425894
Page Count: 6

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Topics: Urine, Ethers, Odors, Phenols, Breeding seasons, Carboxylic acids, Anal glands, Secretion, Amines, Bioassay
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
A Field Bioassay of Beaver Castoreum and Some of Its Components
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Abstract

The response of free-living beavers (Castor canadensis) to castoreum and some of its components was determined through a series of field bioassay experiments in southeastern Ohio. Beavers responded to test scents containing castoreum and the neutral and phenol components but not the carboxylic acid and amine components. Urine from the bladder did not attract beaver, whereas urine after it passed the castor sacs and mixed with the contents of the castor sacs was an attractant. No seasonal difference characterized the response to castoreum, and the response to castoreum from adult male and female beavers was not different. The function of odor profiles of beaver and scent mounds are discussed.

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