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Changes in Trumpeter Swan (Cygnus buccinator) Activities from Winter to Spring in the Greater Yellowstone Area
John R. Squires and Stanley H. Anderson
The American Midland Naturalist
Vol. 138, No. 1 (Jul., 1997), pp. 208-214
Published by: The University of Notre Dame
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2426667
Page Count: 7
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Trumpeter swans (Cygnus buccinator), in the winter, primarily, slept 42% of the time, fed 30%, swam 12%; and preened 7%. Comparisons of swan activities among diel periods during the winter indicated they increased feeding throughout the day into night, when they fed at their highest rate. Swans spent more time sleeping as winter temperatures decreased; feeding mostly ceased when temperatures fell below approximately -17 C. Dominant activities in spring included feeding (45%), sleeping (17%), swimming (13%); and preening (12%). During spring, swans fed at a high rate throughout day and night, suggesting that spring use-areas may be important to swans depositing endogenous reserves before nesting.
The American Midland Naturalist © 1997 The University of Notre Dame