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"השאור שבה"

מירון ביאליק לרנר and Meron Bialik Lerner
Lĕšonénu: A Journal for the Study of the Hebrew Language and Cognate Subjects / לשוננו: כתב-עת לחקר הלשון העברית והתחומים הסמוכים לה
Vol. נג‎, No. ג/ד‎ (ניסן, תמוז התשמ"ט), pp. 287-290
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/24342223
Page Count: 4
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"השאור שבה"
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Abstract

The expression השאור שבה appears in a midrashic homily to Jer. 16:11 in Lamentations Rabba, Proem 2, ed. Wilna 1b, relating to Torah study devoid of practice. R. Berman Ashkenazi (Matnot Kehuna) emended it to read המאור שבה (= the "light" or "luster" in it, i.e. the Torah), on the basis of a manuscript version (no longer extant) of PT Ḥagiga 1:7. The corrected reading has been adopted by all later printings, modern dictionaries etc. and has developed into a popular adage. Additional emendations and textual corrections to this somewhat enigmatic phrase are also noted. However, the reading in the editio princeps is corroborated by manuscripts of Lam. Rabba and all available testimonia from parallel sources: PT and Pesiqta de Rav Kahana. The original homily should thus be understood as referring to "the fermentative essence of the Torah", which is destined to return the non-observant to the proper path. In a short appendix the author traces the idiomatic elements of this homily from early to later formulations.

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