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On the "'EGRON" of Se'adya Gaon (cont.) / עיונים באגרון לרב סעדיה גאון

אסתר גולדנברג and Esther Goldenberg
Lĕšonénu: A Journal for the Study of the Hebrew Language and Cognate Subjects / לשוננו: כתב-עת לחקר הלשון העברית והתחומים הסמוכים לה
Vol. לז‎, No. ד‎ (תמוז תשל"ג), pp. 275-290
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/24366715
Page Count: 16
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On the "'EGRON" of Se'adya Gaon (cont.) / עיונים באגרון לרב סעדיה גאון
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Abstract

The entries in the 'Egron are not roots but words, or, rather, nouns. Verbs are represented in this vocabulary by their nomina actionis, whether attested (like (אבל or innovated (like,(גוע as clearly shown by the examination of the Hebrew entries and their Arabic translations. This method is in conformity with S.'s grammatical theory as well as with his creative linguistic praxis (in his piyyuṭim), and is based on his opinion, inspired by the Baṣran school of Arab grammarians, that the noun is primary and the verb secondary, verbal forms all being derived from, and thus implying, the maṣdar. Some vocalizations found in the manuscripts of the 'Egron (e.g., (אבק are thus confirmed, and the nominal form of the unvocalized entries may accordingly be inferred. S. did not describe word-formation in terms of applying formatives to roots, but regarded the inflected forms as variations of the basic form. According to the classification expounded in the Hebrew introduction to the 'Egron, every word in the language is either a "basic word",(יסוד) that is, a noun in its basic (uninflected) form, or an "augmented word",(תוספת) that is, an inflected noun-form or any verb-form. The letters fall into two categories: (a) those found in "basic forms" only, and (b) those which may also join with "basic forms". While, e.g., the מ of the מפעל pattern is an unanalysable part of the basic form, the preposition מ "from" (as in (מיום is an element "added" to the "basic form".

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