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Some Observations on DNA Content and Cell and Nuclear Volume Growth in the Developing Xylem Cells of Certain Higher Plants

Albert List, Jr.
American Journal of Botany
Vol. 50, No. 4 (Apr., 1963), pp. 320-329
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2440148
Page Count: 10
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Some Observations on DNA Content and Cell and Nuclear Volume Growth in the Developing Xylem Cells of Certain Higher Plants
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Abstract

The developing metaxylem cells of Acorus calamus roots undergo an over-all growth in cell and nuclear volume that may be expressed roughly as a constant ratio of relative growth rates. Within this over-all growth picture, however, there is a periodicity of both nuclear and cell volume growth. Other plants such as Peltandra, Eleocharis, and Dennstaedtia undergo a similar volume growth. Marsilea tracheary elements have an increase in nuclear number per cell by simultaneous divisions. Arisaema metaxylem nuclei go through a series of DNA doublings correlated with nuclear volume doubling and cell volume increase, at least up to the 16- or 32-ploid level. The cells display some tendency to fall into size classes, expressing a pulsation in growth. A fluctuating alternation or stepwise growth of cell and nucleus appears to describe the data more suitably than the allometric growth equation. In Zea, the cell and nuclear volumes for metaxylem cells fit a fluctuating envelope better than the straight line, and there is again the probability that cell volumes fall into size classes related to nuclear volume class. The DNA content of the nuclei was determined to fall into a frequency distribution having peaks at the 4-, 8-, 16-, and 32-ploid equivalent, agreeing with an earlier report for diploid maize. DNA content was highly correlated with nuclear volume in the over-all growth of the metaxylem cells.

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