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Histones and Alkaline Fast Green Staining of Onion Roots
Ernest M. Gifford, Jr. and Ronald E. Dengler
American Journal of Botany
Vol. 53, No. 10 (Nov. - Dec., 1966), pp. 1125-1132
Published by: Botanical Society of America, Inc.
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2440693
Page Count: 8
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Onion root tips were freeze killed or fixed in 12 different chemical fixatives to determine the possible effects of such treatments on subsequent staining with alkaline Fast green (pH 8.0-8.1) to reveal the. presence of histones. Ethanol, methanol, neutral formalin, and a mixture of methanolchloroform-acetic acid produced nearly comparable results. Subsequent to fixation or freeze drying the sections were treated with hot 5% trichloroacetic acid (TCA) to remove nucleic acids prior to Fast green staining. Staining of histones does not occur in chemically fixed material if TCA hydrolysis is omitted. Nuclei, chromosomes during mitosis, and cytoplasm (to varying degrees) were stainable after TCA treatment. Positive staining occurs in nuclei, nucleoli, and cytoplasm in freeze-dried material with or without prior TCA treatment. CompariSons are made with chemical fixations. The use of ribonuclease instead of TCA permits staining of the cytoplasm and of chromosomes during mitosis. Discussions are included on the stainability of nucleoli and the possibility that native histone is associated with ribonucleic acid (RNA).
American Journal of Botany © 1966 Botanical Society of America, Inc.