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Pertica, a New Genus of Devonian Plants from Northern Maine

Andrew E. Kasper, Jr. and Henry N. Andrews, Jr.
American Journal of Botany
Vol. 59, No. 9 (Oct., 1972), pp. 897-911
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2441116
Page Count: 15
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Pertica, a New Genus of Devonian Plants from Northern Maine
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Abstract

A new genus of Devonian age fossil plants is described from the Trout Valley Formation of northern Maine. Abundant compression material permits a rather complete understanding of its morphology. Pertica quadrifaria Kasper and Andrews, gen. et sp. nov., was an erect plant, perhaps a meter tall, with a pseudomonopodial main axis and dichotomous side branches. The side branches were arranged in a clockwise spiral (from base to apex) and were tetrastichous. They dichotomized numerous times, with the intervals between dichotomies decreasing distally. The ultimate branchlets bore numerous sporangia in dense clusters. Other side branches were completely sterile. Pertica quadrifaria is classified in the Subdivision Trimerophytina of Banks. Its evolutionary significance rests in the fact that it is a link in the chain of increasingly complex early vascular land plants.

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