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A Comparative Light- And Electron-Microscopic Study of Microsporogenesis in Male-Fertile and Cytoplasmic Male-Sterile Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus)
Harry T. Horner, Jr.
American Journal of Botany
Vol. 64, No. 6 (Jul., 1977), pp. 745-759
Published by: Botanical Society of America, Inc.
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2441727
Page Count: 15
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Cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) in sunflower anthers is compared with its normal (N) line by using light and electron microscopy. Degeneration and disintegration of CMS tapetum and microspore tetrads occur after meiosis II, resulting in sterility. At the onset of meiosis, the CMS tapetum enlarges radially and shows signs of disorganization of organelles and walls. The developing CMS meiocytes and tetrads of microspores do not show these abnormalities when compared with their N counterparts. The CMS microspore tetrads remain viable until a rudimentary exine forms around each microspore. At this time, the radially enlarged tapetum disintegrates, followed by disintegration of the tetrads. In N-line microsporogenesis, a peripheral, dense tapetum is present at the tetrad stage, and as each locule enlarges, free spaces occur around the tetrads. After a rudimentary exine with associated spines and colpi is formed around each microspore, the callose holding each tetrad together dissolves, freeing the microspores for further development. Eventually the binucleate tapetum becomes plasmodial, persisting until the vacuolate pollen stage.
American Journal of Botany © 1977 Botanical Society of America, Inc.