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Journal Article

Anatomy of Macrozamia communis Lateral Roots and Root Nodules Formed in Vitro Studied with Light and Scanning Electron Microscopy

David T. Webb and J. Henry Slone
American Journal of Botany
Vol. 74, No. 11 (Nov., 1987), pp. 1625-1634
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2444131
Page Count: 10

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Topics: Nodules, Plant cells, Root cap, Plant roots, Meristems, Anatomy, Root nodules, Xylem, Optics, Apical meristems
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Anatomy of Macrozamia communis Lateral Roots and Root Nodules Formed in Vitro Studied with Light and Scanning Electron Microscopy
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Abstract

The anatomy of Macrozamia communis L. Johnson lateral roots and nodules was studied following axenic culture in light and darkness. Pointed lateral roots from dark cultures had an open apical organization similar to that of other cycads and gymnosperms. A distinct protoderm-derived epidermis was not observed. At the apex, the dermis was formed by the outer root capcortical cell layer. Subapically, the outer cortex formed the dermis. No evidence of an algal zone was observed in these roots. The stele was bounded by a distinct endodermis and contained an exarch, diarch xylem. Apogeotropic nodules which developed at the root-shoot junction in darkness, branched dichotomously and had rounded tips covered by tangentially-enlarged root cap cells. The root cap was reduced to a few cell layers and was confined to the extreme nodule apex. The central region of the apical meristem was enlarged, and meristematic cells contained differentiated amyloplasts. A presumptive algal zone was present in some but not all nodules and divided the cortex into inner and outer regions. Stelar anatomy was similar to that observed in pointed, dark-grown lateral roots, except that there was greater xylem differentiation. Nodules which developed in the light were similar to dark-formed nodules, except that root cap cells were radially enlarged and extended over the flanks of the nodule forming a persistent root cap. The heteromorphic lateral roots of M. communis formed a developmental continuum not a heterorhizic root system.

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