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Spatial Distribution, Survival, and Fecundity of Dioon edule (Zamiaceae) in a Tropical Deciduous Forest in Veracruz, Mexico, with Notes on Its Habitat
Andrew P. Vovides
American Journal of Botany
Vol. 77, No. 12 (Dec., 1990), pp. 1532-1543
Published by: Botanical Society of America, Inc.
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2444486
Page Count: 12
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Plants, Soil depth, Leaves, Seedlings, Seeds, Plant ecology, Tree trunks, Ecology, Botany, Plant growth
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A natural habitat of the cycad Dioon edule Lindl. in central Veracruz, Mexico is described. Prolonged drought periods and fire are factors contributing to seedling death resulting in a population structure with a reverse `J' or Deevey type III survivorship curve. The cycads exhibited a `clumped' or contagious distribution on shallow soils of the habitat and on rocky outcrops. This distribution was attributed to exclusion by competition from other species for water, soil nutrients, and/or seed dispersal by rodents. Estimated coning frequency varied from 2.8 to 8.8 years in male plants and from 10.0 to 52.0 years in female plants, though shorter intervals are known to occur, especially following exceptionally wet years. Chamberlain's age estimate for D. edule has been confirmed and a life table is presented.
American Journal of Botany © 1990 Botanical Society of America, Inc.