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Insect-Cycad Symbiosis and its Relation to the Pollination of Zamia furfuracea (Zamiaceae) by Rhopalotria mollis (Curculionidae)
Knut J. Norstog and Priscilla K. S. Fawcett
American Journal of Botany
Vol. 76, No. 9 (Sep., 1989), pp. 1380-1394
Published by: Botanical Society of America, Inc.
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2444562
Page Count: 15
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Insect larvae, Weevils, Female animals, Pollen, Starches, Eggs, Adult insects, Pupae, Larval development, Pollination
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Zamia furfuracea, a cycad of Mexican origin, in cultivation is pollinated by the snout weevil, Rhopalotria mollis, also of Mexican origin. This weevil apparently is host specific, swarming upon male cones of the cycad, where mating, feeding, and oviposition occur. Sporophylls of male cones are rich in starch; those of female cones are poor in starch, and weevils feed upon male cones and are visitors to but not feeders upon or within female cones. Pollen transport to female cones occurs during such visitation. All stages of metamorphosis of R mollis occur within male cones; larvae feed exclusively on parenchyma of microsporophylls, pupate within stalks of microsporophylls, and emerge as adults from the outer ends of microsporophylls. They do not feed on pollen and do not damage microsporangia or pollen. Toward the end of the breeding season of the weevil (and the cycad), some larvae enter diapause in thick-walled pupal cases within microsporangial stalks of pollen-spent cones. These remain in diapause until the next reproductive season of the cycad.
American Journal of Botany © 1989 Botanical Society of America, Inc.